The Energy Matrix
A Science Ebook e-zine  Fall 2008 Edition
 ( Winter 2007 SubWeb)

The Energy Matrix

This e-zine will examine all alternative energy technology and new energy conservation systems.

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Water Falls

Two large ducts carry some of the water from this river to a generating plant near base of fall.  When the river is near flood stage most of the water goes over the fall and the energy is dissipated.  Some estimate that the United States is only exploiting a fraction of its potential hydro-electric 
  
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Elimination of the burning of Diesel and Propane for heating could result as part expanded Natural Gas Network.

Mr. Pickens and some natural gas suppliers have suggested that utilities stop burning natural gas and substitute green solar and wind power for electricity production.  The gas could then  be compressed and used to fuel trucks and cars.  Thank God someone with capital is developing a serious green energy policy.

Natural gas vehicles will require an expanded nationwide gas distribution system. The US already has an extensive natural gas pipeline.  One of my first memories from my childhood in New York City was that we got gas for our refrigerator and stove from a Texas pipeline. We used coal for hot water and heat.  My point is that the technology to ship gas long distances existed over sixty years ago.  So expanding the current pipeline grid to reach every corner of the country, so that their are no dead zones where natural gas powered vehicles will find themselves without gas, is possible.  However, the expansion of gas pipelines will be a major national project. 

I feel that the this expansion should should include service to those who are presently using diesel or propane to heat their homes.  This would free up diesel and propane for use by vehicles that already exist.  Many gas stations already provide propane service.

 

 

Cheap Oil, Oct.19,2008 

Bad news for clean alternative energy, Oil drops to about $70 a barrel. If your trying to sell or develop alternative energy, cheap oil is bad news, because it undercuts alternative products.
   
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Cogeneration growing. 

Central heating systems date back to the days of DC power generation in lower Manhattan during the Edison/Telsa Era. High Pressure Steam Plants provided steam
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Heat Storage 

Heat storage are an important  element of solar power systems.  Power plants that use concentrated solar heat to generate steam to drive turbine driven electric generators, require heat storage to maintain steady power output. See reference article, Click here Heat stored in super heated water can provide steam to meet sudden changes in load.   
    
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Index for all Editions

Cogeneration

Combined Heat & Power (CHP) 

DC Power Grid

District Cooling

Ethanol Viability

Hybrid Cars

Ice made with Coal

Ice Energy Density versus Battery

Heat Storage

HVDC

Nuclear Energy

Solar Heat Storage in CO2

Solar Heat Storage in Water

Storing Carbon Dioxide

Stoves - Corn Burning

Stoves - Wood Pellet Burning

Stoves - Coal Burning

Tar Sand Oil

Waterfalls

Yucca Mountain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Read articles in left and right columns. Click "Continue Center Column"  text to see rest of article.

Editorial

US Mortgage and Energy Crisis 
could be solved by shifting Home Real Estate Tax to European style Tax on
 Gasoline or Petroleum.

 

The cost of owning a home consists has two major components: Bank Interest and government Real Estate Tax I left out down payments and principle payments.  So did the Banks.  A Few year suspension of the Real Estate tax would offset all or most of mortgage payments increases on sub prime mortgages making it possible for people to stay in their homes.  In a few years inflation will reverse the down turn in Real Estate prices restoring positive equity to homes.  Congress has already authorized inflation.

Falling Fuel costs are making alternative energy less cost effective.  This could hurt the growth rate of alternative energy.  A tax on petroleum or gasoline would protect the developing  alternative energy industry. The proceeds of the tax could be used to offset the lose of revenue due to the suspension of Real Estate Tax. For example a federal tax of a dollar per gallon could be dedicated to educational K12 education which now relies on property tax. A local tax of a dollar or more per gallon could be used to reduce single home property tax to almost zero.

For those home owners who are not in danger of defaulting on their mortgage, the fuel tax increase and the real estate tax suspension will offset each other.  Of course this implies that those who need mortgage payment relief can cut out most of their driving, switch to bicycle, or car pool.  Even not having a car beats sleeping in one  At least people will have a choice.  The gasoline tax plan could be made less severe and still be revenue neutral, if the tax on homes were suspended for three years and the gasoline tax was increased over a ten year period.  

 

 

 

 

 

Waterfalls

See Article Upper Left Column

 

 

 

 

 

Water Falls
Lots of Energy, No Electricity.
But they are pretty.
See article at top of left column.


 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Editions
.................................

Spring 2007 Ed.

  Summer 2007 Ed

  Fall 2007 Ed.

 Winter 2008 Ed.

  Spring 2008 Ed.

  Summer 2008 Ed

 

 

What is the Matrix?

I am beginning this e-zine with a list of alternative energy technologies. These will create the vertical axis of the matrix.  It will be become apparent that most of these technologies can be combined to form various energy systems. For example solar energy could be combined with heat storage technology, or it could be combined with battery technology. Thus must technologies must also be listed on a horizontal axis if all possible energy systems are to be included in the array.  The reason so many systems need to be defined and eventually computer modeled is so that only the best can be selected.  Eventually our energy department will have to calculate the best approach to deal with our future energy needs.

In the future we will consider questions such as "Is corn a better solar collector than silicon?"

 

Nuclear Energy and HVDC

The safety of nuclear energy is hotly contested in the US.  High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission will not effect nuclear plant safety.  It could make worst case scenario nuclear accidents economic impact less severe. HVDC 
      
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Practical Electric Cars  by 2010

By 2010,Japan will have electric cars  with 50 mile range and capability of being recharged in 15 minutes.  The cars will use lithium battery packs that will last 
     
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Last updated: January 24, 2012.