TOC(Table of Contents)
Carnot Heat Engine Baseline
Notes: nc = Carnot efficiency; n = actual efficiency. Output Valve 1 on boiler is closed at temperature below 400 degrees Kelvin . A second valve in parallel with Valve 1, Output Valve 2, starts opening at temperatures of 1123 and goes to full open at 1127. Valve 2 regulates maximum Boiler temperature or Qh temperature at 1125 degrees Kelvin. Neither valve which regulate release steam or mercury vapor to turbine are shown. Actually the engine need not be a turbine at all. I simply am creating fictional power source for a spaceship engine that operates within the confines of the laws of thermodynamics. It operates totally on numerical generators, namely the Carnot and Blackbody radiation principles. I threw the valves in to make troubleshooting more interesting.
Engine Below is working OK.: Engine operation OK (n/nc = .94), Valve 1 and Two Work OK. The Qh and Qc meter are reading correctly. The Kilowatts Input dial and Kilowatts Output Meter are part of the test set up and their calibration is certified.
Impact of background and star radiation on black body radiator are ignored . I am also aware that a engine operating near absolute zero could not function, but I felt operation with radiator near absolute was theoretically interesting.
Animation Metaphor: Starship Engine is being tested in deep space prior to installation in starship. In the starship heat will be supplied by a nuclear reactor. In test bed heat is supplied by a calibrated electrical boiler heater.
Reminder: Black body radiation is proportional to fourth Power of the absolute temperature.